Enjoy our natural environment!


Our municipality is located in an area of ​​enormous environmental value. In the term of El Molar, of remarkable extension, varied ecosystems alternate, of great natural importance. From the geological point of view El Molar is an enclave of great interest. The landscape of a good part of the municipality is made up of hills of sands, arches and clays, molded by the erosive action of the elements. On the other hand, a strip of limestone extends to the southwest of the urban area, and in the northern third of the municipality, gneiss predominates, a type of metamorphic rock, very common in the Sierra de Guadarrama.

The hills and hills that cover a good part of the municipality harbor the most representative ecosystems of El Molar, such as the Mediterranean scrub, where a multitude of aromatic species predominate (with a special prominence of lavender and thyme) and pastures, in addition to junipers and holm oaks, often scattered. We recommend visiting these places, especially in spring: the explosion of color of the flowers that cover these hills is a real gift in sight.

At the eastern end of the municipality, in the fertile plain of the Jarama River, which delimits the El Molar area to the east, there are vineyards, fields of cereal crops, orchards and, flanking the course of the Jarama, valuable riverside forests. Cerro de la Corneja, located next to the urban center, also has a great interest from the natural point of view. Here is a valuable pine forest, which hosts a varied biodiversity.

Parque Forestal Los Caliches
Parque Forestal Los Caliches
Cerro de la Corneja
Cerro de la Corneja

As soon as visitors and hikers discover when visiting our municipality, an infinity of fauna and flora species meet at El Molar. Regarding the flora, the species characteristic of limestone soils, such as white flax or various orchids, have a special value, as well as many other species of colorful coloration, such as the lavender, chromatic protagonist arrived in May.

Among the species of fauna, birds stand out above all. In our municipality you can see some of the most colorful species of the continent, such as the unmistakable bee-eater, the oriole or the hoopoe. The hills that surround El Molar, in addition, constitute privileged viewpoints for the observation of raptors, such as the red kite, the black and tawny vultures or the buzzard buzzard. It is also easy to see reptiles, such as the ocellated lizard or the long-tailed lizard and, with luck, mammals such as the fox and the roe deer.